Different Birth Control Options – All You Need To Know

When it comes to birth-control methods, there is good news for moms. There are numerous options that work for individuals with varying needs. Many options and forms exist because what works best for one person may not suit another.

Your needs and your health change over time so it is not uncommon to have to reevaluate your method of contraception every so often to ensure you have the most effective and suitable form to fit your lifestyle. Some of the options include:

Combination Pill

This type of pill is taken every day at the same time to prevent pregnancy. These pills contain progestin and estrogen, and once taken, it prevents ovulation by thickening the cervical mucus. This way the sperm will not reach the uterus. You take the pill for 21 days and still experience your period each month.

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    Pros: The pill is taken on a daily routine rather than right before intercourse, therefore you will not go through the pressure of finding protection during steamy moments. For some individuals, the pill reduces period cramps and makes them more bearable. It can also minimize the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer.
  • Cons: It is not advisable for moms with busy schedules. This is because you have to remember to take the pill at the same time each day. Some combination pills have PMS-like side effects like stomach bloating, being moody and acne. Some may lead to blood clots, although the odds are low if you do not involve yourself in other risk posing activities like smoking. It is also not recommended for individuals who have had kidney, adrenal or liver complications.


This type of birth control pill is ideal for breastfeeding mothers. It works by thickening the cervical mucus thus preventing the sperm from reaching the ovum. It can also prevent ovulation. Women take an active pill for 28 days allowing a continuous hormonal flow to be received.

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    Pros: It is often considered one of the best options for breastfeeding moms because it does not bring any estrogen side effects on the production of milk. It lightens your periods, and to some, menstruation may disappear completely. It also reduces cramps and makes them more bearable.
  • Cons: It is not a good option for you if you have a busy schedule. For the pill to be effective, you have to take it at the same time each day or within a two to three-hour window. If not taken in a timely manner, you may be at risk of getting pregnant. It may cause more irregular bleeding than combination pills during some months.

Fertility could return immediately once you stop taking the pill.

Depo-Provera (injectable)

This method is fairly easy and suitable for breastfeeding mothers. Your doctor will give you a shot of progestin once every three months, which is highly effective at preventing pregnancy.

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    Pros: You will only have to deal with it four times in a year. It has no side effects on milk production, and is very effective. 
  • Cons: This method may lead to weight gain and can take longer to regain fertility after stopping use. There are some other side effects that could occur so women will want to evaluate the pros and cons carefully.

Fertility usually returns after 9 to 12 months once you stop getting the shot.


An Intrauterine Device is a small, plastic, T-shaped device placed in the uterus by a nurse or doctor to prevent pregnancy for several years. There are various brands and types of IUDs but none of them are permanent. Most use hormones to prevent pregnancy similar to the pill but there is a non-hormonal option which is made of copper.

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    Pros: IUDs are 99% effective and last for years. They are very convenient because you don’t need to remember to take a pill, or go to the pharmacy to purchase anything. There are also several available options.
  • Cons: This method is more expensive than most other forms of birth control, especially if it isn’t covered by health insurance. Some individuals experience various side effects and/or pain upon insertion. There are some instances of serious side effects occurring.

Vaginal Ring

This method prevents future pregnancy by inserting a hormone-laced flexible ring into your vagina, similar to a tampon. The process is done once a month, and the ring is left to stay there for three weeks and then removed during the week of your period.

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    Pros: You will only have to remember to insert the ring once a month, rather than a daily regimen that can easily be forgotten. The ring is easy to insert, comfortable, and is not noticed during intercourse.
  • Cons: It is more expensive than birth control pills.

Fertility generally returns 1 to 2 months after discontinuing use.


This method is useful for almost anyone with the exception of those who are allergic to latex, yet there are some alternative materials. It works by creating a physical barrier between you and your partner during intercourse.

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    Pros: Obtaining condoms does not require you to see a doctor, has no effects on your hormones, and protects against STIs. They are safe for breastfeeding mothers, and an excellent back up when other forms of birth control are not available.
  • Cons: It does not provide spontaneity

These are a few of the numerous options, but it is always advisable that you check in with your doctor before settling on one to ensure that it is safe method for you.

Kimberly Dougherty Bio:

Kimberly Dougherty, Esq is a Partner and the Managing Attorney at the Boston office of Janet, Jenner & Suggs, which is a national plaintiffs’ law firm and a sponsor of BirthControlProblems.com. Kim has taken on a number of large corporate defendants in her career, handling multiple lawsuits involving dangerous prescription drugs and medical devices. She is also the President for the Massachusetts Women’s Bar Association.

Kristi Cathey

Hi everyone! My name is Kristi Cathey and I’m glad you found your way to my blog. I am a mother of 3 beautiful angels. This blog was created in order to share my personal experiences in baby care and general health care for pregnant women. If you'd like to get in touch with me, please contact me by sending me an email via kristicathey.intelligentmother@gmail.com. Welcome to Intelligentmother.com

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